miércoles, 3 de abril de 2013

The prickly pear

Opuntia ficus indica
It is a fleshy fruit, spherical ovoid, the size and color vary by species, have thin and fragile spines 2-3 mm long. Are edible, tasty and sweet, gelatinous pulp it containing numerous seeds.

It thrives in temperatures between 12-34 ° C, with an optimum range of 11-23 ° C and an average rainfall between 400-800 mm, in loose, sandy limestone on marginal lands and infertile, shallow, stony, characterizing him wide soil tolerance, but heavy clay soils and wet are not suitable for cultivation, grows from sea level up to 3,000 m, it reaches its best development between 1.700 to 2.500 m.
The prickly pear is a product of Nopal played by shovels, shovel utilization requires them to have a size of between 20 and 30 cm, are healthy and scar junction with the mother plant is dry. Requires new planting between 3 and 4 irrigations to ensure rooting. The correct timing of planting is between December and January, with a distance of 4 x 4 m, is inconvenient in partnership to plant another crop, due to the space requirements of the roots and light needs.

The harvest considers factors such as the coloring and luster of the shell. This is done early in the morning, then the fruit is sweeped them should remove bones once scattered on a clean and soft, there should be no damage, injury or disease, nor should submit thorns, dirt or chemical evidence, finally must have size, shape and color as well homogeneous thin shell.

It is used directly in food or for making jams and jellies, nectar, prickly pears in syrup, spirits, wines and dyes. It is a species widely used in agroforestry practices, with species associated with agricultural crops and / or forage, thorny hedges, hedgerows for soil retention, slope protection against erosion and, in general, as part of protection practices soil.

State of Mexico

The Satate of Mexico

The state of Mexico is one of the 31 states with the Federal District comprise the 32 states of Mexico. It is located in the center of the country has an area greater than 21 000 km2. Its inhabitants are mexiquenses.
The State of Mexico bounded on the north Querétaro, Hidalgo and Morelos south to Guerrero, Michoacán to the west, the east with Tlaxcala and Puebla, and surrounds the Federal District.


The differents Climate of The State of Mexico

The area's climate is generally temperate subhumid with summer rains and average temperature between 10 and 16 ° C, with rainfall between 500 and 1500 mm. Except in the Balsas River depression, where it is warm humid due to the low altitude and on top of that is polar volcanoes by height.


As for primary activities, the state of Mexico stands in producing carnation, chrysanthemum and rose. The State of Mexico, is the largest producer of floriculture in the country, which also exported to countries like Japan, USA, Canada and the UK, in this state also produced nopal, tuna, xoconostle, carrots, potatoes, peppers, squash, beans, tomato, peas, corn, beans, barley and wheat. Besides being a state that despite being landlocked (access to the sea) is positioned as the first national aquaculture producer of trout and carp.


The state has several protected areas throughout its territory. The most important are: National Parks Desert del Carmen, Bosencheve, Zempoala gaps, Los Remedios, Netzahualcoyotl, the Nevado de Toluca, Zoquiapan and adjoining Sacromonte, Insurgent Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, La Marquesa, Molino de las Flores, Iztaccihuatl and Popocatepetl and the Biosphere Reserve of the Monarch Butterfly, which was recognized by UNESCO as a World Heritage Natural Heritage (shared area with Michoacán), which exhibit various types of vegetation: pine, fir, oak, pine-oak and oak scrub crasicaule rosette, tropical deciduous forest.
Nevado de Toluca

Volcanes Popocatepetl & Iztacihuatl

Fauna & Flora

In its varied landscapes, flora varies: in the mountains there are dense forests of pine, oak, white cedar, fir and zacatonal. In the Valley: grasses, sweet vera, cactus, ocotillo.The fauna are: muskrats, weasels, badgers, and skunks tlacoyotes.


oak tree